Kidney Disease

Kidney Disease

Kidney disease, also known as renal disease, is a term that refers to any condition that affects the function or structure of the kidneys. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located in the back of the abdomen, responsible for filtering waste and excess fluid from the blood and producing urine.

Kidney disease can occur as a result of various factors, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, infections, autoimmune disorders, genetic conditions, and certain medications. The most common types of kidney disease include:

  1. Chronic kidney disease (CKD): A progressive condition in which the kidneys gradually lose their ability to function properly over time. CKD is often asymptomatic in its early stages and can eventually lead to kidney failure.

  2. Acute kidney injury (AKI): A sudden and rapid decline in kidney function that can occur as a result of various factors, such as dehydration, blood loss, infections, or medication toxicity.

Symptoms of kidney disease can vary depending on the underlying cause and the stage of the condition, but common symptoms include fatigue, swelling in the legs or ankles, difficulty concentrating, decreased urine output, and high blood pressure.